The fourth type of sparring we are studying serves to familiarize ourselves with the idea (extreme but unfortunately common in street situations) to face more opponents simultaneously.
In a first time, this type of confrontation must be run at moderate intensity (based on the level of the current "victim") and always with controlled power; the idea is to develop skills such as spatial intelligence, strategy, timing, adaptability, deception, economization of energies (etc.).
Let's see what are the rules of this type of sparring.
In addition to us we need at least 2-3 opponents
Scenario size must be at least 10x10m
The fighting scenario must have obstacles (small, large, mobile or immovable but not dangerous)
In the fight scenario, there must be some training / non-dangerous weapons (proper, improper, to be thrown, impact, cutting, etc.)
The opponents (armed or disarmed) attack as they prefer, their goal is to subdue us
Our goal is to stay free, save energy and fight our opponents (by exploiting combat strategies, the environment and everything that is in our favor)
Attackers must attack and try to immobilize us for 10 seconds (in this case we restart the game until the time is not ended)
The fight must always be imagined as real (this is not a game)
The battle (even if we win or we lose) do not stop and can last more than 30 minutes (minimum 2 minutes)
The roles are exchanged at the end of time
What we can do:
We can move completely freely between the obstacles
The attackers can hit us but absolutely without full power
Defenders and attackers can use weapons, obstacles, levers, punches, kicks, knees, elbows, etc. (in a controlled way)
The defender can simulate the use of killing strikes / techniques that must be validated by the instructor (if he approves them the "killed" aggressor must temporarily abandon the clash)
It is also possible (and encouraged) to use verbal and body deception
What we can not do:
The attackers can not simulate free hands killing techniques (only with weapons)
It is not allowed to bring any kind of technique to cause damage
We can not lead real shots on pressure points (lethal, pain, etc.)
If we use weapons the attacks must be very controlled
The main goal is to teach our body to maintain a general control of the environment, its spaces and what is inside of it
Learn to economize energies, to breath correctly and to increase our resistance (cardio)
Learn to naturally use each element of the scenario (opponents, weapons, obstacles, etc.) at our advantage
Learn how to force the opponents to face us in an unpredictable / disadvantaged way and / or one at the time
Learn to give a priority to the opponents (by distance, level of skills, occasions, etc.)
Learn to recognize good occasions / space / time to act and use all kinds of deception
Learn to convert everything into neutral elements of the same type (more about this later)
Depending on the level of the fighters, can be used or not more or less complete protections (gloves, helmet, etc.)
Both who defend both the attackers must think to the safety of their companions (we must always think as a team)
We can increase the number of attackers and / or we can fight 2 vs. 2, 2 vs. 3-10 (etc.)
We can use an object to be caught as "trophy" (win who maintains its hold for more than 10 seconds, ideal for children's training)
We can allow the aggressors to elaborate an accurate (and obviously secret) strategy to better prevail on us
To train disarming, we sometimes we can use fire weapons that shots at slow speed plastic spheres (wearing eyes protections)
We can start from advantage / disadvantage positions and / or conditions (in a lever position, with hands tied, at a close distance, encircled, lying on the ground, etc.)
In a first approach, the exercise can also be done without power and with simple pressures (as for the attackers as for the defender)
In the case of skill disparities, we can apply some other handicaps (more about this later)
With real attacks, this is not a good exercise for novices (the risk of injuries is very high), with soft pressures it is instead a good training
At the maximum difficulty, this type of sparring forges the ultimate level of 6DKF's warrior
Doing only this kind of sparring is useless, we can not develop technique precision
As we have already said a lot of times, it is almost impossible to prevail over multiple (prepared) opponents, this is only an exercise ("we fight giants, to easily win normal people")
In future articles of this series we will see the other types of training fight.
The Chin Na are not a substitute for other fighting techniques (knees, etc.) but rather a complement (kicks and punches are simpler to apply and simplicity is a winning card in a fight)
Against a skilled opponent, Chin Na is difficult to apply (he probably knows, counterattacks, liberations, etc.), if we do not have spatial intelligence, conditioned limbs, instant adaptation capability, speed, deception ability (etc.) their use can be deleterious
Not all Chin Na work with all opponents; if from one side the best techniques largely outweigh the tolerance of naturally flexible people, on the other side, we may find a limit of effectiveness facing highly conditioned practitioners (we talk about contortionism)
Chin Na works better when the opponent is not aware of what we want to do (he does not have the time, he has been deceived, etc.); in the other cases, even a middle-level fighter may be able to withstand, react or get rid of them
At the base of the Chin Na are the following compositional elements:
Equilibrium and rooting, more our pose (or movement) is stable more we can apply our technique; on the other hand, more rooting we are able to subtract to the opponent more opportunities we will have to completely control him
The ability of our limbs to interact with the opponent (grasp, wrap, compress, twist, push, pull, align, etc.) in a coordinated, fast, natural, intense, safe and extremely precise way
Position, we must occupy spaces that keep us safe from opponent's reactions (counterattack, sudden release, etc.) throughout the application of the technique
Knowledge of the mechanics of the levers and the human anatomy, through which always find the way to subdue the opponent (eg. through the use of a small force against a larger one)
The ability to block / trap dynamically the opposing action; If we are not able to stop / parry / divert / etc. an attack or to impose our own initiative the Chin Na techniques are completely useless
Practical experience (active and passive); only with a constant training and experimentation we can gain the proper mastery of physiological concepts behind the Chin Na
The Chin Na work on tendons, muscles, bones, cavities (etc.) we will see how through various techniques and examples but first, we will expose the ideal exercises to bring our psychophysical skills to the right level.
A good conditioning for flexibility requires long times, constancy, commitment and remarkable patience, for this reason, many aspiring practitioners tend to underestimate (if not even avoid) these kinds of activity.
As we have already said, a flexible body offers however crucial advantages in terms of combat aptitude:
Increased resistance to joint levers (arms, etc.)
Greater elasticity and therefore resistance to direct and indirect damage (falls, etc.)
Greater power and speed (the movements do not undergo the passive brake of limited mobility)
Greater amplitude of movement and technique (head kick, etc.)
More performance during stiffening (when we are exhausted by the forces, having better tendons gives us a further margin of operativity)
In some cases shorter recovery times (eg. after a slight injury)
In 6DKF, good body elasticity / flexibility must respond to very stringent parameters, dictated by the inevitable need for application outside predetermined contexts.
Conditioning must be so much more than we choose to use in combat
Performance must be at our disposal even in the absence of heating (eg. after a surprise attack)
Flexibility must also be able to operate / resist under any force coming from any direction (opposite, lateral, etc.)
Flexibility must be dynamically accessible from any position (in flight, in ground combat, etc.)
Flexibility must be instantly and instinctively available (no preparations, no breathing, no relaxation, no concentration, etc.)
To achieve this kind of results, we need what (at the dawn of the Shaolin Temple) Bodhidharma called the gradual "mutation of the tendons".
This is a work of breathing, relaxation and advanced body control through the right Yoga, Qi Gong, power stretching (etc.) exercises (we will all see them all).